5 oldest ancient civilizations of the world

Mesopotamian Civilization:

Time Period: Approximately 3500 BCE to 539 BCE

 Location: Present-day Iraq, along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers

Ancient Egyptian Civilization:

Time Period: Around 3100 BCE to 332 BCE

 Location: Northeastern Africa, along the Nile River

Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization):

Time Period: Approximately 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE

 Location: Present-day Pakistan and northwest India, along the Indus River

Ancient Chinese Civilization (Shang Dynasty):

Time Period: Around 1600 BCE to 1046 BCE (Shang Dynasty as a reference point)

 Location: Along the Yellow River (Huang He) in China

Ancient Sumerian Civilization:

Time Period: Approximately 4500 BCE to 1900 BCE

Location: Southern part of Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq)